Answering-Ansar and Hannan ibn Sadir

Welcome again, here is another story of Answering-Ansar’s clear deceptions. Answering-Ansar says in its article on Imam Mehdi:

We believe that Allah (swt) would not leave the believers without an Imam (as) upon the earth, and we believe that the very lifespan of this earth is linked to his lifespan. When his lifespan expires, the earth will likewise come to an end. The earth depends on him (as) and when the veil of occultation is raised by Allah (swt) it will be through him that an earth destroyed by bloodshed and misery will be uprooted and restored to beauty and splendor, with the Kingdom of God on the earth. To this effect we have explicit authentic Shi’a traditions affirming what our Imam (as) shall attain when he reappears:

Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hannan ibn Sadir from Ma‘ruf ibn Kharrabudh from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following. “We are only like the stars in the heavens. Whenever one star disappears (from sight) another one comes in view until you will point out with your fingers and make a gesture with your necks. Allah will cause your star to disappear from your sight. The descendants of ‘Abd al-Muttalib will all look similar as such that one would not know which is which. When your star will reappear then you must give thanks to Allah.”
Usool al-Kafi, Vol 1, Kitab al-Hujjat, H 895, Ch. 80, h 8
Allamah al-Majlesi said: ‘Muwathak Hasan’ [ Mirat al-Uqool, v4 p45]

Now as you see, in the above hadith of Shiites, Hannan ibn Sadir is present. And according to Answering-Ansar, the hadith is authentic.

Now Answering-Ansar says in its article on Imamate:

[3]: Did the vast bulk of the Sahaba apostatize after the death of Rasulullah (s)?

Afriqi states:
For one who views the problem from this perspective it thus comes as no surprise to find the Shi‘ah narrating from their Imams that “all the people became murtadd after the death of Rasulullah, except three,”2 since it is consistent with the principle that equates Imamah with Nubuwah in the sense that each of them is a position appointed by Allah.

Reply One

This is one of the favourite narrations that Nawasib cite as part of their campaign to stoke up anti Shi’a feelings. The tradition is weak since one of the narrators of this tradition was Hanaan bin Sadeed who adhered to the “Wakfee al Madhab”, and Imam Raza (as) declared the following about such persons:

“An adherent of the wakfee al madhab is an individual opposed to the truth, should he remain on this deviant path until his die, his ultimate resting place shall be in Hell”.
Mukees ad’a raraya fi ilm al riwaya page 83

Reply Two

Whilst Nawasib of the rank and caliber of Abu Sulaiman cite this to create sectarian strife, there are open minded Sunni scholars have sought to interpret in a manner that will prevent dissent. The famous Wahaby scholar Allamah Waheed’udeen Zaman Khan narrates a similar narration in his famous work ‘Lughaat al Hadith’, one should observe the translation that he made of it:

“All the people turned from ‘Ali with the exception of three Salman Farsi, Abu Dharr Ghaffari and Miqdad bin Aswad. I said ‘is Amar Yasir not amongst them and he (Imam Abu Jafar) said, he was also turned little bit (then he returned to the right path)”
‘Lughaat al Hadith’ Volume 1 page 143, letter Jeem

Those who wish to incite sectarian violence should inspect the interpretation offered by this late Sunni scholar, is there any suggestion that the Sahaba became kaafir from such a translation?

If we for arguments sake accept this Hadith as correct then we will provide the same explanation that had been offered by Allamah Zaman, namely that the Sahaba turned away from ‘Ali (as), yet when we look at those Sahaba that stood with ‘Ali on the position of Khilafath, then this narration can only be understood in this manner.

We believe that far more than three people believed in the Imamate of Maula ‘Ali (as), which is why Abu Bakr used methods of State terrorism to quell support for our Imam. In no way were just three believers left the tradition cited from Usul Kafi carries a weak Isnad.

The narrator here is Hannan ibn Sadir, the same person in the narration above which is authentic according to Answering-Ansar,  and not Hannan ibn Sadeed, as we will  come to know soon.

The tradition in al-Kafi is

حنان، عن أبيه، عن أبي جعفر (عليه السلام) قال: كان الناس أهل ردة بعد النبي (صلى الله عليه وآله) إلا ثلاثة فقلت: ومن الثلاثة؟ فقال: المقداد بن الاسود وأبو ذر الغفاري و سلمان الفارسي

Hannan – from his father – from Abu Jafar who said : ‘People became apostates after the death of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam), except for three people: Miqdad ibn Aswad, Abu Dharr Ghifari and Salmaan Farsi.’

Al-Kafi, Vol. 8, p. 245

Now Tafsir Ayyashi will tell us that it is Hannan ibn Sadir.

عن حنان بن سدير عن أبيه عن أبى جعفر عليه السلام قال كان الناس أهل ردة بعد النبي صلى الله عليه واله وسلم الا ثلثة، فقلت: ومن الثلثة ؟ قال: المقداد وأبو ذر وسلمان الفارسى

Hannan ibn Sadir – from his father – from Abu Jafar who said: ‘People became apostates after the death of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam), except for three people: Miqdad ibn Aswad, Abu Dharr Ghifari and Salmaan Farsi.’

Tafsir Ayyashi, Vol. 1, p. 199

Secondly, Waheed uz Zaman Khan is a deviant, his books can’t be used as proof  against us.

Thirdly , Waheed uz Zaman Khan himself confessed in his book ‘Lughat al hadith’ that he gathered the ahadith of imamiya and ahle sunnah in  this book.

بالہام غیبی یہ حکم ہوا کہ ایک کتاب لغات حدیث میں بزبان اردو مرتب کر اور اس میں جہاں تک ہو سکےفریقین یعنی اہل سنت اور امامیہ کی حدیثیں جمع کر تاکہ حدیث شریف کے تمام طالبین کو شرح کا کام دے۔

Lughat al hadith, Vol. 1, p. 4

May Allah protect us from the devil’s deceptions. Amin

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Comments

  • gift2shias  On March 7, 2011 at 8:04 pm

    MashAllah! Good catch.

  • Khorasani  On March 8, 2011 at 4:49 pm

    This means the hadith ‘everyone became murtad’ is authentic.

    • abdullah  On March 19, 2011 at 6:40 pm

      Two supporting shia ahadith regarding this

      محمد بن مسعود ، عن علي بن الحسن بن فضال ، عن العباس ابن عامر ، وجعفر بن محمد بن حكيم عن أبان بن عثمان ، عن الحارث النضري قال : سمعت عبدالملك بن أعين يسأل أبا عبدالله عليه السلام قال … إي والله هلكوا إلا ثلاثة ، ثم لحق أبوساسان وعمار وشتيره وأبوعمرة ، فصاروا سبعة

      Imam Jafar said : By God, all the people ruined except three, later Abu Sasan , Ammar , Shatira and Abu Umra also joined them, so they became seven.

      محمد بن إسماعيل ، عن الفضل بن شاذان ، عن ابن أبي عمير ، عن إبراهيم بن عبدالحميد ، عن أبي بصير قال : قلت لابي عبدالله عليه السلام : ارتد الناس إلا ثلاثة : أبوذر وسلمان والمقداد ؟ قال : فقال أبوعبدالله عليه السلام : فأين أبوساسان وأبوعمرة الانصاري

      [Bihar al anwar]

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